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The application of RFID in air baggage consignment

Sep 28, 2020

There are many passengers who have headaches due to luggage problems when traveling by plane. In order to better serve passengers, many airlines announced the use of RFID baggage tracking technology to provide real-time baggage tracking services. Passengers can know the location of their luggage at any time through the APP, thereby reducing the loss of luggage or taking the wrong luggage.


The RFID automatic baggage sorting system attaches an RFID electronic tag to each aircraft passenger’s randomly checked baggage. The electronic tag records the passenger’s personal information, port of departure, port of arrival, flight number, stand, departure time and other information; baggage Electronic tag reading and writing equipment is installed on each control node of the flow, such as the sorting, loading area, and baggage claim area. When the tagged information luggage passes through each node, the RFID reader will read the information and send it to the database. Realize the information sharing and monitoring of luggage in the whole transportation process.

RFID technology is generally considered to be one of the most promising technologies in the 21st century. It is a new technology that has caused changes in the field of automatic identification after barcode technology.

— In October 2005, IATA (International Air Transport Association) unanimously passed a resolution to adopt UHF RFID strap-on tags as the only standard for aviation luggage tags.

— In June 2019, at the 75th annual meeting of IATA, participating member airlines voted unanimously to support the deployment of RFID technology worldwide for baggage tracking. The conference also called for the implementation of modern baggage information transmission standards to accurately track passengers' baggage at key points in the journey.
RFID technology is of great significance for improving the automation and sorting accuracy of the airport baggage automatic sorting system, protecting public travel safety, reducing the work intensity of airport sorting personnel, and improving the overall operating efficiency of the airport. Especially during periods of high concentration of people like the Spring Festival transport, the efficiency of airport baggage check has been greatly improved.


Passengers departing from the airport check their baggage at the departure check-in counter. The staff completes the check-in registration and prints the RFID baggage tag according to the passenger boarding pass, installs the RFID baggage tag on the baggage and puts it on the baggage conveyor. The conveyor is equipped with an RFID collection channel. When the baggage passes through the RFID collection channel, its related information is collected and uploaded to the conveyor control system. The conveyor control system can correctly sort the baggage to the corresponding flight based on the obtained information. Luggage room is not well. Finally, the porter transfers the baggage of the corresponding flight to the luggage compartment and board the cargo hold of the aircraft with the tractor.
The airport baggage automatic sorting system adopts RFID technology, which uses electronic tags to identify baggage and uses radio frequency signals to automatically identify target baggage. Even multiple high-speed moving objects can be identified at the same time, without manual intervention, and the operation is quick and convenient. The use of RFID technology can enable the mechanization rate to reach more than 95%, which means that technically it will greatly reduce the possibility of baggage loss, late delivery, and misdelivery. At the same time, RFID can also work in various harsh environments.

In addition, each RFID reader can be connected to the server through the network, which can effectively record and track all aspects of baggage consignment, grasp the entire process in time, and conduct dynamic management. Managers can completely view the various aspects based on the statistical data. To achieve targeted management, improve the information and intelligence of airport baggage consignment management as a whole.

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